Topic: Iran's nuclear program
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has signed a decree banning the delivery of S-300 air defense systems and a host of other major arms to Iran, the Kremlin said Wednesday.
The ban, which includes battle tanks, armored vehicles, large-caliber artillery systems, warplanes, military helicopters, ships and missiles, is part of measures Russia is taking to comply with UN Security Council Resolution 1929 of June 9, 2010.
Earlier on Wednesday, Chief of the Russian General Staff Army Gen. Nikolai Makarov said Russia would not deliver S-300 air defense missile systems to Iran as planned because such transfers are prohibited under UN sanctions.
Medvedev also banned entry to and transit via Russia for a number of Iranian nationals connected with the country's nuclear program, and banned Russian individuals and legal entities from rendering financial services if the services relate to Iran's nuclear activity.
Russia signed an $800 million contract on delivery to Iran of S-300 systems to equip at least five battalions in late 2007. The contract's implementation had so far been delayed. Experts are considering whether the missiles fall under the sanctions imposed on Iran by the UN Security Council in June.
The sanctions include a ban on supplies of conventional arms to Iran. According to the document, "states are prohibited from selling or in any way transferring to Iran eight broad categories of heavy weapons (battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems)." However, the S-300 air defense systems are not included in the UN Register of Conventional Arms.
Israel and the United States have voiced concerns over Russia's plans to supply high-precision S-300 systems, capable of destroying aircraft at ranges of 150 km (90 miles) and at altitudes of up to 27 km (17 miles), to Iran. No such systems have been delivered to the Islamic Republic yet.
Commenting on Medvedev's decree to ban the sale of weapons to Iran, Russia's envoy to NATO Dmitry Rogozin said: "If this decision was made, it was solely due to Russia's national security."
International pressure on Iran increased in early February when Tehran announced it had begun enriching uranium to 20 percent in lieu of an agreement on an exchange that would provide it with fuel for a research reactor. In June, the UN Security Council passed a resolution imposing a fourth set of sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program.
Iran currently has some 2.8 metric tons of low enriched uranium and 22 kilograms of 20 percent enriched uranium, according to the latest IAEA report. Experts say that these 22 kilograms are already enough to produce a nuclear bomb.
MOSCOW, September 22 (RIA Novosti)
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- pcfZionists ?22:43, 22/09/2010So the Zionists have finally taken over the Kremlin ?
- xama226Russia's Policies22:52, 22/09/2010A few weeks ago Lavrov indicated that
the S-300s did not comeunder the sanctions regime.
Curious that Russia is now aligned with the US---- or may be not
- aPresidential decree is not joke05:09, 23/09/2010@xama226
Presidential decree is not joke.Russia has aligned with US(for the moment)! Remember Mistrals, IVECO and many other transfer of weapons tech & license productions agreed with France,Germany, Israel,Italy at the moment...US can block them in different ways if Russia doesn't put sugar on the top....S-300& weapons ban is the name of the sugar...
- Dave KimbleUS said S-300 wasn't prohibited under sanctions08:18, 23/09/2010http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/mideastdigest/may_aug/142962.htm
From the Daily Press Briefing of June 10, 2010
Bureau of Public Affairs
QUESTION: There have been several countries who have come out today and say that their particular projects are not affected by these sanctions. Is there any reaction to that? Is there some way to evaluate these statements? Is it --
MR. CROWLEY: I’m not sure I know what you’re alluding to.
QUESTION: Well, Russia, for example, is saying that its sale of missiles, certain missiles to Iran, wouldn’t be affected. And Pakistan says that it has a project as well and their gas project wouldn’t be --
MR. CROWLEY: Well, in the case of the – if you’re alluding to the S-300 missiles, the – [UNSC Resolution]1929 prohibits the sale and transfer of items on the U.S. Register of Conventional Arms, which does not include the S-300. That said, this is a sale that Russia concluded with Iran a number of years ago and Russia has exercised responsibility and restraint and has not, at this point, delivered those missiles to Iran.
- Dave KimbleUS Register of Conventional Arms08:21, 23/09/2010http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/111333.htm
U.S. Register of Conventional Arms 2007
Categories of equipment and their definitions
VII. Missiles and missile launchers
(a) Guided or unguided rockets, ballistic or cruise missiles capable of
delivering a warhead or weapon of destruction to a range of at least 25
kilometres, and means designed or modified specifically for launching such
missiles or rockets, if not covered by categories I through VI. For the
purpose of the Register, this sub-category includes remotely piloted
vehicles with the characteristics for missiles as defined above but does
not include ground-to-air missiles.
(b) Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems (MANPADS).
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The current contract portfolio of Russian arms exporters is worth about $46 billion. Annual exports total $15 billion, and this will ensure uninterrupted deliveries for the next three years, even in the worst-case scenario. The list of the main buyers of Russian weapons is unlikely to change drastically.